2nd Part

The definition of 1 A.D.  and its relation to the planetary alignment of May 2000.

(with excerpts from the book "WIRKLICHT" by Sepp Rothwangl)

Contents:

Review.
1. The knowledge about the celestial runs becomes the church's tools. 
2. The "Kali Yuga  - conjunction" of Aryabhata or the deluge-conjunction of Islam. 
3. The Olympic Symposium as symbolic model for a conjunction of all planets. 
4. The definition of the Christian yearly counting by Dionysius Exiguus. 
5. Other yearly countings counting used at the time when Christ's birth date was adjusted. 
6. The Liber de Paschate. 
7. The year 531, a year with a conjunction of all planets. 
8. A text-fragment with quotations from the Liber de Paschate and planetary periods of the " eternal tablets ".
Summary and conclusion.
Result.

Review.

Part I of Turn of the Age turned a light on ancient astronomy, where the roots and origin of today's common yearly counting are to be found. The common multiple of the planetary periods was called a Large (Great) Year, the year all planets meet at the sky, seemingly at the same place, and was called by Aristotle the "Greatest Year." Important to this view is the precession of the equinoxes, whose constant factor for 1° of progression was anciently estimated to two values: 100 and 66.6 years. This value was approximated late in the Middle Ages at 75 years, close to today's more exact value of 71.66 years. From these recent estimations would result 30° of precession (each sign or 1/12 of the zodiac) over periods of 3000, 2000, 2250 and finally 2150 years. 

1. The knowledge about the celestial run becomes the church's tools.

The knowledge of the connection between these two celestial motions, precession of the equinoxes and the planetary periods, as well as their hidden conversion, today determine the time-frame of the whole world through the Gregorian calendar, and thus everyone's life. How did we arrive at the yearly counting of this calendar, which not only brought us the year 2000, but also dictates each day? The key words are "time is money" and "money is power." Inevitably we find that "time is power!" Obviously all religions are involved in a mechanism that determines time, with the help of traditional celebrations, ceremonies etc., for the members of its community. The catholic church understood this in the best way and turned their knowledge about time into an exercise of power. The catholic church took every opportunity to maintain their followers' trust, including manipulating their most universal free property -- time. Believers sacrifice even their terrestrial lifetime for heavenly time beyond the grave, promised by the church. Non-Christian time and observances were fought and destroyed by the church until from the Central American calendar of the Mayans, for example, only two pages survived. Pre-Christian calendars were considered tools of the devil, as Lucifer's Rock or Stonehenge demonstrate. If you divide people's time with a calendar, you can direct their activities as if they are puppets on a string. "The division of the time is the vision of divine" could be seen as guideline of the Christian church.

How did it come about that only one man, the Pope, considered to be infallible, should determine from his papal throne (ex cathedra) the calculation of time for the whole world? What was the root of this papal instrument, called a calendar, which is counts the years incorrectly, indicates the yearly length incorrectly, and is based on a lie?

In the first half of sixth century two men influenced the yearly counting of the whole world.

2. The " Kali-Yuga-conjunction "of Aryabhata or the deluge conjunction of the Islam.

The Indian astronomer Aryabhata of Kusumpara (476 ~ 550 CE) calculated with the help of the well-known periods of the planets the beginning of the Indian age, Kali Yuga. He determined it fell on the day of a conjunction of all naked-eye planets 3,600 years before his lifetime. On this day, all seven planets (Sun, Moon and the five planets) aligned in the same celestial position, as seen from Earth. At this time, all of the heavenly bodies align as they did at the creation, even though they all orbit the earth at different rates of speed. This point in time corresponds to 17 February 3102 before the Christian turn of an era. The "planetary" event of this year perhaps was defined earlier by Sassanian, but definitely later by Arab and Persian chronologies. They call this the date of the Great Deluge. B. L. Van der Waerden and E. S. Kennedy proved in recent times that the alignment of this year of the tide (flood), or Kali Yuga, took place, but Aryabhata found the date by using reverse calculations using "eternal planet tablets."

Image: Planetary alignment on 17 - Feb - 3102 BCE; JDN 588465 
Right ascension: Moon 21h 2m; Sun 20h 27m; Mercury 19h 25m; Venus 21h 20m; Mars 20h 14m; Jupiter 21h 22m; Saturn 18h 29m.

This year of the tide surely has nothing to do with an actual terrestrial flood disaster, released by meteorological or climatic influences, and even less to do with the creation of humans, whose existence reaches back millions of years, but is an attempt to find and mark a fictitious fixed point of time in the past. The flood/tide may refer to the position of the Milky Way in the morning dawn of the spring equinox. The trail of the Milky Way and the line from the former pole star, Thuban, once led to the point of the spring equinox. At that time, the starry flood of the Milky Way poured into the rosy dawn of the spring equinox day, the eternal deadline for marking the ages.

Aryabhata left an astronomical and mathematical work that is not well known in the West. He was the first to calculate a more exact value of pi p. Aryabhata indicates the value of Pye to us with the following rule: "add 4 to 100, multiply by 8 and add again 62,000. The result is the approximate measure of the circumference when the diameter is 20,000." As is calculated easily, the value of 3.1416 for pi is the fraction of 62.832/20.000, which gives a sufficient result.

The mathematical solution of equations of the first order, final account, trigonometry, and sine calculation were well-known to Aryabhata. He had already counted on the decimal number system, and it is possible the Arabs might have learned this number system from him before teaching it to the West.

In his time calculation, Aryabhata used the following systems of units: 

Indian system of units:                     Converted into today's units:

18 nimisha (wink)     =  1 kastha         18 x 0.1777 sec    = 3,2 sec
30 kasthas               = 1 kala              30 x 3,2 sec          = 96 sec = 1,6 min
15 kalas                   = 1 nazhika         15 x 1,6 min         = 24 min
2 nazhikas                = 1 muhurta         2 x 24 min           = 48 min
30 muhurtas             = 1 aho ratra        30 x 48 min         = 24 hours. 

The years are combined into the following large periods: 
360 years = 1 year of the Gods 
432,000 years = KaliYuga (the same number of years Berossos indicates as reign of the kings before the Deluge). 
Before it was the Dvaparayuga with 2 x 432,000 years. 
Before it the Tetrayuga with 3 x 432,000 years and again 
before it the Kritayuga with 4 x 432,000 years.

His main work, called Aryabhatiyam, shows his planetary theory and the planetary periods. Using these, he dated the beginning of the Kali Yuga at a conjunction of all planets. He said: "When sixty times sixty years and three-quarter (
of a year) of the current Yuga had elapsed, twenty-three years had passed since my birth." Therefore, on 21 March 499, 3,600 years had passed since the beginning of the Kali Yuga, showing Aryabhata's birth year was 476 C.E.

Picture:
Upon such sheets made from the leafs of palm trees or the bark of a birch tree the Aryabhatiyam was written.

3. The Olympic Symposium as symbolic model for a conjunction of all planets.

A conjunction of all planets like the deluge-alignment or that at the beginning of the Chinese Zhuanxu era on 5 March 1953 BCE, as well as other time calculations, may be seen in some mythical descriptions like the Olympic symposium, which took place in Greek legend following the creation of human beings by Prometheus. This symposium of all of the Olympic, thus CELESTIAL, gods, describes nothing less than a meeting of all "old," naked-eye-visible planets in old, symbolic language. Both words mean actually the same thing. Conjunction is a meeting or alignment, and symposium (Greek sumposon) means a "drinking spree" or "common meal"!

While we consider the motivation and works of ancient astronomers and chronologists and the mechanisms of their time calculations, we should give some attention to a problem affecting all measurements. As is the case for a spatial longitudinal dimension that is defined exactly at the beginning and end, each temporal measure starts and ends within exact limits. Time has repetitive intervals, like days and years, wherein the period of a particular date is considered to be the actual measure, as the year is the period of a conjunction of the sun with the point of spring equinox. The precise measurement of as many of such years as possible following division by the number of years results in the average or tropical year, which disintegrates again into a number of days. The length of the day is then measured as homogeneously as possible using a reciprocating medium, a pendulum, a quartz crystal, pulsating star, or the radio-waves of cesium, which are the common methods of today. But at the base of all these measurements is a conjunction and a repetitive period up to the next conjunction!

The ancient astronomers used symbolic and traditional mythic thinking to find a conjunction of all planet periods as a starting point to provide a temporal anchor. The beginning of the Piscean age was initiated with the Star of Bethlehem planetary conjunction, which was known from earlier times, and brought about a phase in which people searched for the WHEN of their existence. Some tried to use mythical and religiously delivered traditions to obtain exact dates. Probably the oldest such calculation was made by the Patriarch Hillel II. According to a tradition quoted in the name of Hai Gaon (d. 1038), the present Jewish calendar was introduced by the patriarch Hillel II in 670 Era of the Seleucids = 4119 Era of the Creation = 358/59 C.E. The Jewish yearly counting started from this year. The year 2000 C.E. is the Jewish year 5760/1. It is remarkable that at the beginning of this yearly counting, exactly at the autumn equinox 5,761 years before, there occurred a rare conjunction of all planets (except Mars). Similar ideas probably resulted in Aryabhata's later dating of the Kali Yuga and the Persian and Islamic chronologies dating the tide in the year 3102 BCE, when the meeting of all planets took place.

It seems logical that this was a most interesting time for a chronologist and creator of a calendar to find out when in the past such a conjunction took place, and, equally important, to find out when the next conjunction would take place! This date would mark the end of a Great Year and thus would also mark the beginning of a new age. The fact is that this knowledge was available at that time and certainly was used in defining the year 1 A.D., or "anni ab incarnatione Domini Nostri Jesu Christi," i.e. the years starting from Christ's birth. All of the inconsistencies and alleged mistakes of defining year 1 A.D. are cleared up when we find that we cannot define the year 1 as the birth date of Christ since there is no information about that date. This birth date is a mythical date and cannot be found, but there was an astronomical event from which it derives astrologically, i.e. the triple alignment in 7 B.C., which later became the star of Bethlehem. A logical assertion will explain why there was a well-known discrepancy of seven years between the appearance of the Star of Bethlehem and year 1 A.D. All present church historians and theologians represent the definition of the Christian yearly counting completely falsely, both from personal ignorance and with the conscious intention of diverting believers

4. The definition of the Christian yearly counting by Dionysius Exiguus.

Contemporary with Aryabhata in the first half of the sixth century was Dionysius Exiguus in the West. Dionysius, born a Scythian, was an astronomer, canonist, translator of the Greek literature for the Pope, and creator of new Easter tablets (a new calendar with data to determine Easter). The birth year of Dionysius is unknown, but he may have died in 543 CE. His most important works are the "Hispania" and the "Dionysiana," which contained the "liber de paschate," or Easter book. In this, he rejected the current yearly counting of years after the emperor Diocletian and suggested a new count from the incarnation of Jesus Christ. It became the world-wide common yearly counting to this day in the Gregorian calendar.

5. Other yearly countings used at the time when Christ's birth date was adjusted.

Early Christianity used several calendar systems. For example, the years of the rule of the Roman emperor Diocletian, and the Anno Mundi (AM), the era from the creation of the world.
This yearly counting system was the base of the five-volume Chronography of Sextus Julius Africanus, which he published 300 years before Dionysius Exiguus during the consulate of Gratus and Seleucus (AD 221). Although it is lost, there are many other authors that mention or give excerpts of his Anno Mundi count (world year). The AM count is based on a teleological concept that would provide history with God's plan of salvation and thus is constructed on a time frame that is based on the words of 2 Peter 3:8 (. . . one day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day.)

Similar words are found also in Koran, which declares in Sure 22: Verily a Day in the sight of thy Lord is like a thousand years of your reckoning. And again in Sure 32: He rules affairs from the heavens to the earth: in the end will (all) go up to Him, on a Day, the space whereof will be (as) a thousand years of your reckoning. 
Also [Ps. 90:4] says: For a thousand years in thy sight are but as yesterday when it is past, or as a watch in the night. 

In the concept of Africanus, the biblical seven-day creation plays a major role, and in this world view 6000 years (6 days) would elapse between the creation of the world and Adam the first man, and the Day of the Lord is the Day of Judgment, the seventh day.

That time concept describes the whole history of the world within one 12-hour day. (Pls. consider that modern Cosmology also uses this concept to explain cosmic development, and in this, for example, mankind arose in the last seconds of this day.) In accordance with a seven day time frame, and because the Bible says Adam was created on the sixth day (Friday) of the week, and this was also the weekday, when Christ (the second Adam) was supposed to have been crucified, a time concept was constructed that man's own history takes place in only one day, a kind of doomsday: "Writing in the first half of the third century, Origen, in his Commentary on Matthew, employed this analogy of the twelve hours of the day to divide the whole of biblical history into ages. Accordingly, he locates Noah at the third hour, Abraham at the sixth, Moses at the ninth, and, finally, Christ at the eleventh hour." (Quotation from: Declercq, Georges. ANNO DOMINI. The Origins of the Christian Era. Turnhout, Belgium 2000)

A passage in the New Testament seems to agree with this concept (see: [1 John 2:18] "Children, it is the last hour; and as you have heard that antichrist is coming, so now many antichrists have come; therefore we know that it is the last hour.") that in the world era AM, Christ appeared in the 11th (the last) hour. The whole assumed 6000 years of world history were equated in this time concept to only one single "Christian doomsday," in which Christ occured at the last (11th) hour. 
Consequently, in the Anno Mundi count, the birth of Christ was adjusted at year AM 5.500, because it corresponds with the 11th hour of the available 12 hours. (6000 : 12 * 11 = 5.500).

That method (AM) influenced profoundly the early Byzantine and Roman Christian chronology, such as the chronicle of Hippolytus in Rome, Sulpicius Severus, Panodoros, and others. Out of this concept arose the Alexandrian era of Annianos, who lived in the year that patriarch Theophilus died (AD 412), and later the Byzantine era, which is still in use in some Orthodox groups. These world eras, however, differ from each other by several years, because to adjust them with lunar cycles and best-fitting Easter rules, they shifted the date of world's creation. The year 1 A.D., for example, corresponds in the Alexandrian world era to AM 5493, and in the Byzantine era to AM 5509. In the worldera of Africanus his Anno Mundi 5502 equates to 1 CE.

That time system became very popular, but produced a huge problem: end of world fever, caused by a calculated beginning of the seventh day that was equated with the end of the year 6000 and corresponds to a date 500 years after Christ's birth.

"At the turn of the forth to fifth centuries, i.e., precisely the moment when the barbarian invasions may have stirred up apocalyptic anxieties, the North African bishop Julius Hilarianus, for instance, wrote a treatise On the Duration of the World, in which he calculates 5530 years from creation to the Passion of Christ, and 369 years from that event until the consulate of of Caesarius and Atticus (AD 397); there remain, so he concludes, 101 years to go before the Resurrection of the dead." (Declercq, op cit.)

The AM count produced a kind of self-fulfilling calendrical doomsday in year AM 6000 that even increases when 31 years later (about the length of Christ's lifetime) a conjunction of all planets occurred (531 AD), after which - as ancient philosophers like Plato and Pythagoras said, - everything since creation would repeat in exactly the same way. Aristotle called the year of such a conjunction the "Greatest Year."

The fear causing Chiliasm and Millenarianism due to this concept was combated by three strategies: 
1) change the era of creation in order to show that the dreaded year AM 6000 has long passed; 
2) rejuvenate the age of the world and postpone thus year 6000 by several centuries; 
3) use another numbering instead of counting the years from the beginning of creation. 

These strategies were carried out in different ways and gave people a variety of yearly counts. One it was the Dionysian.

Dionysius Exiguus was not the first inventor of a yearly counting starting from Christ's birth, as many mistakenly believe. Jose Vives of Barcelona, in his careful study, "Inscripciones cristianas de la Espana Romana y Visigoda," discusses the era Cons, or Spanish era, which existed since the second half of the third century, originating on the Asturian-Astabrian border area of the Iberian peninsula. The Spanish era or era Cos (era Cons), counts 38 years more than the calendar of Dionysius. This yearly counting emerges toward the end of the first millennium in a Spanish-Islamic manuscript, called "anwa'-book." The manuscript noted the exact daily rising and setting of all stars of this time with usual calendar dates. Even Dionysius Exiguus was well-informed about this yearly counting, because it was mentioned in his "Hispania", a canon collection of the synod of Tarragona, 516, including numerous papal writings. So Dionysius Exiguus had a model for a yearly counting starting from Christ's birth. Why didn't he take over this original, instead of choosing another year as a starting point? It is a mystery, the solution of which, 1500 years later, reveals clearly the original, secret reasons and associated later crimes of the Catholic church.

6. The LIBER DE PASCHATE.

How, and above all, why, did Dionysius present the yearly counting as he did? As he tells us in the "LIBER DE PASCHATE," he made a new calculation of the dates of Easter for the Pope. Discrepancies between Rome's version and the way the dates of Easter fell in Alexandria made this necessary. After the Council of Nicaea, 325 C.E., Easter was determined to be a celebration of the resurrection of Christ. It was fixed on first Sunday after the spring full moon. Before that, a working calculation, written by the Alexandrian Cyril, was renewed and carried on for the future.

Dionysius Exiguus followed this instruction around the year 526, according to the theologians. Dionysius used the 28-year sun cycle, which repeats itself because of the seven weekdays and the leap-cycle that recurs every 28 years. He also used the well-known Metonic cycle, a 19-year moon cycle, in which the approximate moon-phases repeat themselves in the solar year. As a result of connecting the two cycles, a new 532-year cycle developed in which Easter in the valid Julian calendar repeats itself (28 x 19 = 532).

As a starting point of this cycle, one could select any year. Dionysius, however, selected one year in particular for the year of Christ's birth, but he had a secret motive. Dionysius himself gives us no complete explanation, but offers a pretext, which is that in the year 247 of the Diocletian era, the previous Easter cycle of Cyril of Alexandria expired. The statement that Dionysius had to calculate a new Easter cycle starting from the year 248 of the Diocletian era has no basis, because there were many other mathematicians who had developed various methods of determining Easter for many decades or centuries into the future. Almost 100 years before Dionysius, the mathematician Victorius of Aquitaine had created a 19x28-year Easter.

Dionysius also surely knew other supposed dates for Christ's birth than the one he used, because many writings of this time mention another date that corresponds to the Star of Bethlehem, or star of the magis, in 7 B.C.E. Clemens of Alexandria, in his "stomata," and Epiphanios, the Metropolitan of Cyprus, give a birth date corresponding to the year 7 B.C.E. Today, it is generally understood that Dionysius made an error due to lack of knowledge when he defined the year 1 A.D. as the date of Christ's birth.

As one of the few modern scientists to express doubt, American astronomer John Mosley of the Griffith Observatory said it would be inconceivable that Dionysius could be so ignorant, or that the Pope had no idea of the correct date of Christ's birth. Mosley's doubt is justified in this regard, but he assumes that a planetary position in 4 B.C.E., when the planets at the zodiac formed a cross shape, was the star of Bethlehem. This is a rather unreasonable assumption, because the cross as a religious symbol arose in the sixth century. In addition, there is a lunar eclipse that is temporally linked with the death of Herod the Great, which is dated in the spring of 4 B.C.E. Herod was ill and steadily became more sick before his death. That he received the magis in his sick bed and then arranged such powerful decisions as the murder of the innocents is just as improbable as the murder itself, which resembles a literary repetition of birth of Moses. But here we leave the safe historical and astronomical ground.

Christian theologians state that 1 A.D., which at first was rather arbitrary, coincidental, or an erroneous definition of the starting point of a new Easter cycle by Dionysius, became the basis of the yearly counting starting with Christ's birth, because Dionysius was no more exact or more correct because of the lack of available resources. Concerning the acceptance of the new yearly counting introduced by Dionysius, it is very remarkable that the papacy did not introduce the new yearly counting officially until the 14th century. The new yearly counting is found soon after Dionysius in everyday and other church documents.

The earliest original document outside of the church was written in the year of 704 from a document of Suabraed of Essex (copied from an ancient document from Chartres now in the British Museum). There are some older documents, like one from King Aethelbert of Kent dated 605 (Codex diplomaticus aevi sextae III), but these are assumed to be later copies or forgeries.

But let us let Dionysius himself tell us how why the new yearly counting was determined. At the time of Dionysius, the years were counted after the Roman emperor Diocletian, who was feared as one of the worst Christian persecutors. Superficially, Dionysius aimed to shake off the inheritance of the tyrannical Diocletian from the calendar and link the new yearly counting to Christ's birth. The crucial lines to Bishop Petronius: dominus beatissimus et nimium desideratissimus pater reads in epistola prima deratione paschae:

Quia vero sanctus Cyrillus primum cyclum ab anno Diocletiani centesimo quinquagesimo tertio cœpit et ultimum in ducentesimo quadragesimo septimo terminavit, nos a ducentesimo quadragesimo octavo anno ejusdem tyranni potius quam principis, inchoantes, noluimus circulis nostris memoriam impii et persecutoris innectere, sed magis elegimus ab incarnatione Domini nostri Jesu Christi annorum tempora prænotare, quatenus exordium spei nostræ notius nobis existeret, et causa reparationis humanæ, id est, passio Redemptoris nostri, evidentius eluceret.

Because St. Cyril began the first cycle in the year 153 of the Diocletian era and it lasts until the year 247, we start (to count) in the year 248 of the same tyrant, called Caesar; however, we will not continue to remember an impious and godless persecutor, but rather have chosen to update the time of the years starting from the incarnation of our Lord Jesus Christ, so far as the beginning of hope for us shall stand out, and the cause of the human re-creation, i.e., the suffering (passion) of our redeemer shows up more clearly.

Dionysius explains here that he links the new Easter-cycle with the incarnation of Christ, who gives a cause of the human re-creation. This new beginning he sets 532 years before the year 248 of Diocletian and produces thus the year 1 A.D., which serves as the start of the new yearly counting. These lines, however, contain a hidden code. The Latin text "inchoantes" contains a spelling mistake with the word "begin," which is additionally put into commas completely unnecessarily. It is worth taking a closer look at this. "Inchoantes" is used instead of "incohantes," from Latin "incohare" for "begin." Such a mixup of the letters "o" and "h" could have taken place in error, or it may be interpreted as a secret clue to what is hidden in this very important document: a wrong beginning! We must consider the effect of this definition: We must remember Aryabhata, his Kali Yuga date, and the planetary positions described by Aristotle as the Greatest Year!

7. The year 531 was an year with a conjunction of all planets.

In the Diocletian year 247, the last of Cyril's cycle, which is also 531 A.D., there occurred a conjunction of all planets. This conjunction was used by Aryabhata as the starting point for his reverse calculation to the identical conjunction 3,633 years before. For Dionysius Exiguus, however, it was a reason to calculate such an alignment in the future. On 31 May 531 CE the planets were in the same close conjunction as some 1500 years later on 5 May 2000. Using Aryabhata's well-known planetary periods, it was surely possible for Dionysius to calculate the conjunction in the future. He had to notice that it would occur almost exactly 2000 years after the Biblical events surrounding Jesus. The period of 2000 years is the duration of ONE AGE, due to the precession-constant of 66 2/3 years per 1°. It was the true reason for the selection of the year 1 A.D.! The year 1 of his new time calculation was established exactly one age (2000 years) before the return of the Greatest Year.

Image: Planetary alignment of 31-May 531CE; JDN 1915156 
Right ascension: Moon 4h 35m; Sun 4h 35m; Mercury 4h 36m; Venus 5h 56m; Mars 4h 35m; Jupiter 5h 45m; Saturn 5h 33m.

Thus he determined that exactly in year 2000 of his count, the same conjunction of all the planets would occur, as it does at the beginning of many ages! The statement of Christian theologians that the calculation of the Dionysius resulted in a fictitious date and was based on inaccurate data is not true. The calculation of Dionysius results in the fact that exactly 1999 years after year 1 of his yearly counting, the second Millennium coincides with a planetary alignment similar to the Olympic symposium of the gods or the Great Deluge, ringing in a new age.

During such an alignment the planets are standing side by side like the hands of a watch at high noon.

In the year 531 CE, there occurred not only an alignment of all naked-eye planets, but also the coronation of the famous Persian king Khusro Anushirvan, who, as Shah Kai Chosrau, is the model in the great Persian epos "Schanameh" by Firdausi, which has numerous parallels with the myth of Hamlet/Amlodhi. Khusro Anushirvan reigned 531-579. A horoscope created to celebrate his coronation shows there was a planetary alignment. Several very old manuscripts, such as the book of the Byzantine Chronicler Joannes Malalas, entitled "Historia chronica," show this. There are four copies of another manuscript from India (India Office Library), which are located in Berlin, Leyden, Oxford, and Istanbul. It is called Kitab al-masai'l and is written by the Persian astronomer and astrologer Qasrani (abu Yusuf Ya'qub ibn 'ali al-Qarshi) A.H. 275 (888-9 CE). More about this may be found in the Bulletin of the School of Oriental Studies (University of London) Volume IX: 1937-39. (S.H. Taqizadeh; Some chronological data relating to the Sassanian period)

The Persian astronomer Al-Biruni says in his Qanon al-Masud (Masudian canon), that in 556 C.E., Khusro Anushirvan assembled all of the astronomers to revise the so-called "eternal planetary tablets." From this arose the "Zij ash-Shah," or tablets of the Shah, which recently were reconstructed.

8. A text fragment with a modified quotation from the "Liber de Paschate" and planet periods from the "eternal tablets".

The author of this article owns a text fragment, whose origin is described in WIRKLICHT. This text fragment shows the above-quoted sentence from the Easter book, with a slight difference. The last line of the above paragraph reads:
... 
quatenus exordium spei nostræ notius nobis existeret, et causa reparationis humanæ, id est, reditus redemptionis nostri, evidentius eluceret.

The last sentence translated into English is:
… that the beginning of our hope stands out more and the cause of the human re-creation, i.e. the return of our redemption is clearly evident.

The difference produces another sense behind the definition of the yearly counting: rather than shining light on  the suffering redeemer, the  return of the redemptor is highlighted! 
In this text fragment, the appropriate synodic periods are registered beside the planet names and their symbols:
3 Trine, 2 Saturn, 5 Jupiter (59 years)  
43 Trigon, 29 Saturn, 72 Jupiter, 400 Mars, 854 years 1 moon (before) 
65 Jupiter, 875 Moon 
152 Venus, 243 years 
5 Venus, 99 moon, 8 years, 2920 days 
101 Trines, 2006 years

At the end of this paragraph is this likewise Latin inscription: 
 
"anno MM A.D. est reditus C.M..
et hic est finis piscis". 

Freely translated it reads:
"the year 2000 A.D. is the return of [C.M.--meaning unknown] and the end of the fish."

The significance and meaning of the last part of this sentence will be guessed immediately: the end of the Christian Piscean age in 2000. The numbers beside the planets demonstrate a knowledge of astronomy. Using the synodic planetary periods, it is  possible to figure out the position of Sun, Jupiter, Saturn, and Mars backward  or forward for one period of 854 years. On the basis of two of these periods, one bridges 1708 years and locates the positions of the planets in 2000 CE from the year 292.

Image: The alignment of all planets on 5-May-2000; JDN 2451670 
Right ascension: Moon 3h 55m; Sun 2h 51m; Mercury 2h 34m; Venus 2h 14m; Mars 3h 55m; Jupiter 3h 0m; Saturn 3h 11m.

Summary and conclusion.

Seven points summarize the calendrical and astronomical significance of the Year 2000 and the connection of the planetary positions in May 2000 with the definition of the yearly counting:

  1. The period of 2000 years was a definitive base from which to calculate the year 1 A.D. Under the concept of the world as it was understood in that era or age, time was calculated using periods of the starry sky. 
  2. Most important basis for calculating one age is the duration during which one constellation holds its function as spring constellation. The assumed precession-constant of 66.6 years for 1° served here as a design fundamental. Because of the assumption of this precession-constant, it was calculated that the spring equinox would progress 30° at the zodiac in 2000 years. So 2000 years after the birth of Jesus, whose Pictogram ICHTHYS (fish or Pisces) became the new spring constellation at that time, another constellation will rise, causing a new age.
  3. The starting point of the time calculations is a so-called Greatest Year, when a conjunction of all planets occurs. The same phenomena also ends an age. 
  4. The Sixth Century is the current starting point of a time bearing, both into the past by Aryabhata and into the future by Dionysius, the conjunction of all planets in the year 531 C.E. 
  5. A privately owned manuscript refers to the secret meaning of the yearly counting by Dionysius Exeguus. 
  6. The new yearly A.D. count was invented because with the year 6000 Anno Mundi of the previous world era, the seventh and final day, Doomsday, was approaching. The creation of this new count shifted the Last Day to the end of the age of Pisces. 
  7. The definition of the year 1 A.D. of the Catholic Christian yearly counting took place directly in such a way that by using the conjunction of all planets of the year 531 CE and the commensurable planetray periods, it was possible to determine the time of the same conjunction in the future. After finding this point in time, exactly 1999 years before it, 1 A.D., the new yearly counting was justified. In the year 2000 of the Christian yearly counting, therefore, the same planetary conjunction occurs, as it often does at the beginning of ages.

Result.

It is outside the realm of probability that the Dionysian yearly counting was determined randomly or in error. It is rather unlikely that a mythic conjunction of all planets should happen by accident in year 2000 CE, in accordance with the early medieval constant of precession! In fact, it took place in that year because the calendar was designed to mark the end of an age with that conjunction.

With the year 2000, the point in time occurred that applied the old concept of the world as the first day of a new age and also as the "Last Day" of the old age. In German, this day is called the "First Day" (Juengster Tag), showing a further reference to an age, just like another symbol of Jesus, ALPHA and OMEGA, the first and last letter in Greek Alphabet.


Image: Positions of the planets on 2000-05-05 in heliocentric view.

Image:
The Last Judgement by Memling (Original in Polish National Museum of Gdansk)

 CEPP: 246 300 days
Sepp Rothwangl, 14.11.2000