in Calendars, Myths, and Religion

The Truth behind Anno Domini

by Sepp Rothwangl
© year - 666 CEP

 Now in print and soon available


The book opens a new window on the history of calendars and their connection with myths and astronomy. By considering the ways in which ancient peoples measured time, it invites the reader to consider the turns of past eras, how early star myths were born by observing the celestial movements, and how the discovery of the regularity of the stars gave birth to a cult of the heavens. Such "heavenly" religion projected the gods to the skies and to this day has legitimized the earthly power and influence of most major world religions.

The rich illustrated book takes a scholarly journey from the "Teufelstein" (Lucifer's Rock) in Styria to the philosophy and weltanschaung of the antiquity. Along the way, Rothwangl shows parallels in myths and fairy tales from all over the world, and escorts the reader right up to the year 2000, which Dionysus Exiguus, the creator of our current AD calendar's count, envisioned as the Cosmic Doom, the Return of the Great Year. According to ancient scholars, a rare sensational massing of the classical planets, as occurred in 2000, would be the day on which all of the gods of the heavens, the bearers of time as described in the ancient doctrine, would meet again and start time anew. The book shows convincingly that the A.D. years count since Christ’s incarnation as a pretext only, but in fact aimed at Last Day of the Piscean Christian age (ICHTHYS). If, indeed, a new time has begun, perhaps these first stirrings of the Aquarian age is a time for understanding ancient myths, a time for making one more step on humankind’s evolutionary journey.
270 pages; 175 illustrations; online 16 MB .pdf

Author’s Biography

Sepp Rothwangl, born fifty years before the new millennium, is an independent Austrian scholar and freelance author who has published two German books about calendars and cultural astronomy and several articles in scientific journals. He regularly delivers talks in relevant conferences.
During his youth, Rothwangl became interested in prehistoric calendar stone near his home. This interest eventually resulted in intensive research into time, time calculation, astronomy, and myths.
Rothwangl's study of archeoastronomy eventually led him to consider the facts surrounding the adjustment of the Anno Domini count. This exploration allowed him a new perspective into past cultures and methods of keeping time and opened the door to a new age and Weltanschauung (worldview).

Table of Contents

Preface of the author
1.    Lucifer’s Rock, an archaic model for time keeping
2.    The movements of the Earth
3.    The origin of cultures based upon astronomy
4.    The Ages: Taurus, Aries, Pisces
5.    The solar system
6.    What is a calendar?
7.    Planets, gods, myths, and temporal periods
8.    The hare and the hedgehog
9.    The Milky Way
10.    Recurring theogonies (births of gods) and creations of the worlds
11.    Sex and gender in the stars and calendar
12.    The discovery of the rate of precession
13.    The doctrine of the Great Year and eternal return
14.    One day every 216 years, three days each Decan
15.    Genesis, the seven-day week, and Anno Mundi
16.    The astro-mythological interpretation of the Apocalypse
17.    Aryabhata and the Kali Yuga, Abu Ma’shar and the Deluge
18.    The worldview of Dionysius Exiguus and his adjustment of AD
19.    Millenarism, Chiliasm, Jesus and the Mahdi
20.    Luther, Newton, Noone, Illig
21.    Anno Domini 2000 and fatal excrescence
22.    The Maya long count and 2012
23.    When starts the Age of Aquarius?
24.    Future prospects
25.    Appendix: Latin text of the CYCLUS DECEMNOVENNALIS DIONYSII


This book is the result of nearly thirty years’ research, coupled with the recent Internet discussion groups CALNDR-L, HASTRO-L, and the Internet project of CALENdeRsign (Ms. Joan Griffith has kindly assisted me with the English version of this site). It is impossible to thank everyone who has influenced this project over its long time span.
This volume is the completely new and revised edition of my first book in German, STERNSTUNDE 2000, and also contains many chapters of my second book WIRKLICHT, but omitting a great deal of local and personal color. Nevertheless the book introduces the reader to Teufelstein (Lucifer’s Rock), a major Austrian archeoastronomical monument, which was the author’s jumping-off point for understanding the interaction of celestial movements, calendars and myths. To Teufelstein the author owes the acquaintance with the astronomers Hans Michael Maitzen and Wolfhard Schlosser, who often helped with words and deeds. The meetings of SEAC (European Society for Astronomy in Culture) have also contributed to the author’s knowledge.
The final decision to write this book is owed to Mrs. Danielle Brown, who gave encouraged the publication of this book and provided help with English corrections, as did Ms. Joan Griffith at my CALENdeRsign website. For the wonderful English translation and correction of my German manuscript, I thank to Dr. Christine Kraemer. I also want to thank my wife and my children for their patience. And finally, I acknowledge my unknown ancestors, to whom I owe the destiny or the luck to search for the knowledge presented in this book.

Preface of the author

The greatest temptation is to blend the dream with the reality;
the greatest defeat is to sacrifice dreams in favor of the reality.

The subject has the nature of a hologram, something that has to be present as a whole to the mind.
--H.v.Dechend, Hamlet’s Mill

My first contact with archeoastronomy came about some 40 years ago, when I met my local lawyer Dr. Hubert Stolla, an expert in local myths and rural customs. My home, high up in the midst of Styrian forest that supplied daily bread for my family, often granted me a clear view into the starlit sky, free of smog and light pollution, as it had humans since age-old times. The forest environment forced us to plan in according to the seasons, which have effects on far more than human life. These surroundings probably affected me to regard the world somewhat differently than many of my contemporaries. The view – I would often gaze for many hours at the starlit sky -- and the question about what the sky meant for humans of antiquity, who were missing our current Weltanschauung, brought me slowly to conclusions that makes comprehendible much of our astronomical cultural heritage. To teach this is also intention of this book.
Approaching calendars from the point of view of cultural astronomy, calendars, and mythology was an exciting perspective for me. Due to the different points of view the same theme repeats sometimes in the book what the reader hopefully will apologize. My attempt to consider cultures and religions in this fashion, however, is not and cannot be global. This book does not lay any claims on completeness and absolute truth. Rather, it tries to bring light into certain hidden areas, concealed deeply in the unconsciousness and in our myths. It reveals culture and religions from the point of view of ancient astronomy, which is delivered partly in myths. But myths and fairy tales are also the subconscious of a culture and a people. To cast light on these hidden things can be disturbing and frightening to some. Others experience it joyfully as illuminating, liberating, or even consciousness-raising. It can catalyze a process of becoming more aware, which often begins with pain and disappointment. Consciousness is, however, the only thing which will defeat fear, if one has detected its cause. Disappointment can also come to a good end if the initial delusion is replaced by its opposite: disillusion, (or Enttaeuschung in German), meaning the end of fakery. I believe not promising too much, when I state that this book reveals the greatest deception of the gone 2000 years.
Many statements of this book appear as conjecture or speculations, personal observations and theories about how our ancestors, of whom only myths and fairy tales remain, saw the world. Much of it is still alive in us, because one constant has remained: the way a human body thinks and feels. This "hardware" of human beings has hardly changed in the course of the last few millennia. Yet our "software" has changed to an enormous extent: our knowledge, our cultures, and how we deal with our environments.
The function of this book is not to give moral advice, but rather to point to what time it is, and for whom the bell tolls! This book explores where the hands of the sky clock are pointing, as our ancestors understood time and described it in myths. If I can create awareness as to what momentous celestial hour of the universe we are living in, that awareness can help to steer us into new ways of living, just as a company balances its accounts at the year’s end in order to evaluate the business of the previous year and find a strategy for the future. I do not want to paint a picture of a dark future, though I think there is danger, nor do I want to draw the future only in bright, positive colors. The future will be as we arrange it and as the fate permits. I would like to sharpen readers’ eyes and increase their ability to make connections with the historical past, thus creating awareness of the cultural and religious basis on which we have survived so far. To live in a world worth preserving seems to me the most important goal on Earth.
Cultural astronomy has little or nothing to do with the usual of astrology of today, newspaper horoscopes, or fortune telling, although it shares terms with these practices, which sometimes causes confusion. Astronomy is neglected in education, and in its confusion with astrology, some of the weirdest imaginings of the cosmos circulate in relation to it. The difference between astrology and cultural astronomy is that modern astrology is a continuation of old religions that attempt to connect the position of the stars with personal characteristics, while cultural astronomy is secular, and is limited to temporal or historical statements and interpretation of artifacts. Hopefully, this book is a tiny contribution to eliminating misconceptions about astronomy and culture.
Coincidence plays a major role in every life, as it does in mine. Caused by seemingly random events that appear significant to human beings, coincidence is sometimes equated to destiny or even providence. Such a coincidence was at the base of all my studies in ancient astronomy and myths. This research has been nearly obsessive and was sparked by a peculiar secret tradition that has been handed down for centuries in my family. I have chosen not to reveal the whole message of this secret. Yet, to reveal parts here with caution, hoping to cause no harm and to attract none, is part of my destiny and is one aim of this book.

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